Mission San Jose, also known as San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo, is the largest mission in San Antonio, TX. Due to its size, it was known as the Queen of the Missions. It was established in 1720 and completed in 1782, and it was built with Texas limestone and brightly colored stucco. The mission was surrounded by fields and had livestock, as well as its own gristmill and granary, which have been preserved. Spanish missions weren't just churches, but communities with the church as the main focus. At its height, Mission San Jose provided sanctuary and a social and cultural community for more than 300 Indians.
Mission San Jose's church dome and roof collapsed in 1874, and its church tower collapsed in 1928. Luckily in the 1930s, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) almost fully restored Mission San Jose to its original design. More recently, the mission underwent massive historically accurate renovations which were completed in 2011. At the mission's visitor center, visitors can explore the museum to learn more about colonial Spanish missions. There's also a movie about the native people of 18th-century south Texas, their role in colonizing New Spain, and the results of entering the Spanish missions. The store sells educational materials to teach visitors about this time period.